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Shifting Paradigms

Fair Use | Academic Integrity | Intellectual Respect

Fair Use and the Legal Landscape

Traditional models of copyright focus on the rights of printers and authors. In the 15th and 16th centuries, book publishing became widespread in Europe. Copyright law was borne of the efforts of governments and churches to regulate such publications. This was accomplished through laws that required printers to be licensed, and these licenses typically gave them the right to print particular books for a set time period. Copyright today protects the rights of multiple stakeholders. Consider a brief review of the evolution of copyright in the United States. Educators and scholars are guided by fair use guidelines designed to allow for intellectual growth without impeding unduly on the rights of intellectual property owners. Practice fair use...

Plagiarism and Academic Integrity

The Center for Academic Integrity (1999) outlines five fundamental values: 1) honesty, including intellectual and personal honesty; 2) trust, or the confidence in people and school structures that allow for a free exchange of ideas and for intellectual support; 3) fairness, or clear standards for assessment that are equitably applied; 4) respect, or the acknowledgement that learning is inherently participatory; 5) responsibility, or the belief that every person within an academic community is personally responsible for maintaining academic integrity. In that respect, academic integrity addresses the ethical issues that surround the use of someone else’s work or plagiarism. Promote academic integrity...

Modeling Intellectual Respect

What’s the best way to teach K-12 students about intellectual property, academic integrity, and copyright? Model it. For instance, when you use various print sources, credit the author. When you include a photo on a blog post, link to the photographer’s Flickr stream. When you engage in remix, talk to students about how, when, and why you use multiple mediums and your rationale for crediting sources. Use daily teachable moments to formulate questions and discuss the practices around copyright and fair use. (If you don’t know the answer – model that too. Model intellectual respect...